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Old Stone House/MS 51 Partnership Gardens

MEDICINAL PLANTS

Medicinal plants must be used with care, proper identification and deep knowledge of the effects is essential. No claims are made regarding efficacy or safety of use.  Some plants my be toxic if used improperly.

poke weed, mullien, anise hyssop, dandelion, mugwort, clary sage, plantain, button weed, mallow, dock, burdock

oregano, sage, rosemary, tarragon, winter savory, parsley, hyssop, spearmint, peppermint, thyme, heal all, milk thistle, cramp bark, lavender, comfrey, fennell, witch hazel, choleberry. elderberry

WILD FOODS, & Edible flowers

violet, borage, plantain, dandelion, nasturtium, calendula,  white pine needle, lamb’s quarters, button weed, sorrel, mugwort, burdock, lily, milkweed

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Annual Food Crops
lettuce, potato, peppers, cabbage, kale, collards, carrots, millet, squash, eggplant, melon, tomato, cucumber, beans, oats, barley, corn, ground cherry, tomatillo, beets, radishes, kolrabi, broccoli, komatsuna, mizuna, chard

Perennial Food Crops
elderberry, raspberry, gooseberry, currant, western sand cherry, jerusalem artichoke, juneberry, grape, rhubarb, beach plum, hazlebert, Nanking cherry, pear, american plum

Craft Plants
job’s tears, basket willow, cotton, flax, eastern white cedar

Natural Dye Plants at OSH
Amaranth – pinks
Comfrey – light to deep greens
Dyer’s Coreopsis
Daffodils – yellow-green
Dandelion – yellow & green
Elderberry – purple, dark blue & gray
Fennel- yellow & greenrGoldenrod – bright yellows to golds & greens
Japanese maple leaves – a pink blush
Mint – green
Mustard blossoms – yellow
Nasturtium – bright green
Onion skin – yellow
Polk Weed
Red cabbage – from lavender to brilliant blue
Sour grass (wood sorrel or oxalis)  – summery yellow
Sorrel – pale yellows & greens,  roots – reddish-browns
Yellow Calendula, Chamomile, Goldenrod, Marigold, Tansy, Catnip
Greens, Artichoke, Black-Eyed Susan, Hyssop, Plantain
Pinks Amaranth flowers, Sorrel root
Reds Dandelion root, Japanese maple
Blues – Purples Cornflower, False indigo, Grape skins
Browns, Comfrey
Grays & Blacks, Iris

Cover Crops
buckwheat, Dutch white clover, barley, oats

Seeds, berries and vegetative cover for birds
Currant
Gooseberry
Inkberry Ilex glabra
Songbirds: thrushes, mockingbirds, catbirds, robins, bluebirds and thrashers
Raspberry
Blackberry Rubus allegheniensis
Blackberries rank at the top of summer foods for wildlife.
Even late into the fall and winter, the dried berries are eaten by many species.
Pin Oak Acorns are a good and abundant staple food source for many songbirds.
Thimbleberry
Beach Plum
High Bush Cranberry Viburnum trilobum
Berries Sept-Feb still edible off the bush in mid-winter; popular with dozens of bird species, especially waxwings.
Elderberry Sambucus Canadensis
Elderberries are especially important sources of summer food for catbirds, robins, thrushes, sparrows, and many other songbirds.
Raspberry
Flowering dogwood
Dogwood fruits are important to many songbirds in late summer and fall.
Some primary users are cardinals, thrushes, and cedar wax-wings
Rose
Rose hips, which remain on the shrubs through the winter snd into the following year, are and important wildlife winter food source.
Winterberry, Ilex verticillata
Songbirds: thrushes, mockingbirds, catbirds, robins, bluebirds and thrashers
Snowberry or Waxberry Symphoricarpos
Good wildlife over and forage.
Eastern White Cedar Thuja occidentalis Arborvitae screen
Red Cedar fruits are eaten by cedar wax-wings, purple finches, robins, bluebirds, tree swallows, myrtle warblers and other songbirds.
Black Chokeberry Aronia melanocarcarpa
Black fruit from Sept – Nov is eaten by songbirds.
Red Chokeberry Aronia arbutifolia
Red fruits which appear Sept – Dec are an occasional winter food source for many bird species.
Juneberry or Western Serviceberry or Saskatoon Shadbush, Amelanchier ainifolia
Popular with wildlife.

Native Plants at OSH

Native Plant List compiled by Cindy Goulder Nov 2012
Aesculus parviflora – bottle brush buckeye
Amelanchier alnifolia* – juneberry
Amelanchier canadensis
Aronia melanocarpa – chokeberry
Aronia brilliantissima
Baccharis halimifolia
Cercis canadensis*
Clematis virginiana
Cornus florida
Bottlebrush Buckeye
Western Juneberry, Pacific Serviceberry Juneberry, Shadbush, Serviceberry Black Chokeberry
Red Chokeberry
Groundsel Bush
Redbud
Virgin’s Bower
Flowering Dogwood
Yellow-twig Dogwood
Witch Alder
Witch Hazel
Oakleaf Hydrangea
Inkberry
Winterberry
Bayberry
White Pine
Western Sand Cherry
Beach Plum
Pin Oak
Thimbleberry
Elderberry
Meadowsweet
Coralberry
Snowberry
Eastern White Cedar
Lowbush Blueberry
Highbush Cranberry
Swamp milkweed
Columbine Many-flowered
Aster Smooth Aster
New York Aster
Baptisia
Black cohosh
Bugbane
Mist Flower,
Hardy Ageratum
Joe Pye Weed
Sneezeweed
Woodland Sunflower
Jerusalem artichoke
Blue-flag Iris
Blue lobelia, Blue cardinal flower Beebalm
Pokeweed
Solomon Seal
Christmas Fern
Black-eyed Susan
Brown-eyed Susan Blue-stemmed Goldenrod Grassleaf Goldenrod
Gray Goldenrod
Tall Meadow Rue
Foamflower
Violet
Netted chain fern
Cornus sericea
Fothergilla minor*
Hammamelis virginiana
Hydrangea quercifolia
Ilex glabra
Ilex verticillata
Ilex verticillata ‘Red Sprite’
Myrica pensylvanica
Pinus sylvestris
Prunus besseyi*
Prunus maritima
Quercus palustrus
Rhus aromatica ‘Gro-low’
Rubus odoratus
Sambucus canadensis ‘Johns’ & ‘York’ Spiraea latifolia
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Symphoricarpos alba
Thuja occidentalis*
Vaccinium angustifolia
Viburnum opulus
Aesclepias incarnata
Aquilegia canadensis
Aster ericoides (Symphyotrichum)
Aster laevis (Symphyotrichum)
Aster novae-angliae (Symphyotrichum) Baptisia australis
Cimicifuga racemosa (Actea racemosa) Eapatorium coelestinium
Eupatorium fistulosum/maculatum/purpureum
Geranium maculatum
Helenium autumnale
Helianthus divaricatus
Helianthus tuberosus
Iris versicolor
Lobelia syphilitica
Monarda fistulosa
Phytolacca americana
Polygonatum biflorum
Polystichum acrostichoides
Rudbeckia hirta
Rudbeckia triloba
Solidago caesia
Solidago graminifolia (Euthamia )
Solidago nemoralis
Thalictrum pubescens
Tiarella cordifolia
Viola canadensis
Woodwardia areolata

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